調査会社の会長ブログ【松谷廣信】

調査会社の会長ブログ

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戸籍法改正(法制審議会戸籍法部会)への意見書、NO2

探偵のひとり言2006/05/30

先週5月25日、「探偵業の業務の適正化に関する法律案」(探偵業法案)
が衆議院で可決されたとの朗報が入った。運用面では色んな問題が出てくるように思うが法制化は業界人の悲願であっただけに、
先ずは皆で喜びたいと思う。

先々週のブログで戸籍法改正問題についての法制審議会戸籍法部会に提出した意見書的なものの一部を掲載したが、今日はその続き、
「戸籍が原則非公開になると具体的にこんな問題はどうするのだ・・・」と云うことから、最近取り扱った調査事例を列記して送付したので、
それを掲載することにする。

戸籍、住民票での確認を必要とする最近の具体的調査事例

不動産関係
・調査依頼内容
金銭消費貸借に伴い自宅の土地建物に抵当権が設定されている。ところが実際には7年前に借入は返済し貸借関係は終了しているが、
抵当権の抹消手続きを怠っていた。この度、あることで抵当権を抹消する必要に迫られ、抵当権者に連絡をとろうとしたが、
登記簿に記載されている住所から既に転居していた。従って、近隣者に聞きまわったが誰も転居先は知らないとのこと。
そこで、抵当権者の現住所を割り出して欲しい、との依頼。
(調査結果)
抵当権者は既に他界していたが該当不動産の相続権者である妻と子供3人の現住所を割り出すことができた。
結果、依頼者は相続権者に事情を説明し、無事抵当権を抹消することができた。
※、こうした事はごく普通にあるが、戸籍、住民票が原則非公開になると相続権者の住所割り出しは非常に難しくなる。
また、不動産の売買に関し、土地建物の所有者割り出しに関する依頼は多くある。しかも、
所有権者が登記上の住所地を転居しているケースや既に他界しているケースは多々あるが戸籍・
住民票が原則非公開になると不動産取引にも大きな影響が出てくることが懸念される。

・調査依頼内容
取引先の倒産に伴い5千万円が焦げ付いた。取引開始から半年しか経ってなく、前後の状況からして取り込み詐欺の疑いもある。
そこで、代表者の資産背景を調査して欲しいとの依頼。
(調査結果)
非調査人の現住所は大阪の賃貸マンションで見るべき資産は無かったが、山梨の本籍及びその付近に相当な不動産の所有が判明し、
法的に差し押さえることができた。
※ 住民票・戸籍が非公開になると、この手の調査は不可能に近くなると同時に取込詐欺や債権の踏み倒しは、
非公開を機に倍増することが懸念される。

商取引関係
・調査依頼内容
当社とアメリカの某企業との間で、○○の輸入販売に関わる合弁会社をつくる話が進んでおり、
既にその為に資本金2千万円の株式会社を設立したが、その話のエイジェントである人物の素性がよく判らない。
可なりの有力者であると思われる力を実際に見せ付けられており、副社長がプロジェクトリーダーとなり半年前から着々と準備は進め、
2ケ月先には帝国ホテルでパーテイも予定している。しかし、どうにも気になるとの事でメインバンクを介して依頼があった。
(調査結果)
そのエイジェントなる人物は希代の詐欺師と呼ばれた大物詐欺師であることが判明。過去には芸能人、世界的ピアニスト、
大学教授から政治家まで相当の人が騙され、マスコミを賑わしたこともある詐欺師であった。
※ これは、多方面に亙る取材から住民票の登録住所が判明し、住民票を入手できた事から、前住所及び本籍地で過去の犯罪歴が判明し、
根からの詐欺師である事が判ったものである。結果、年商50億円の企業を救う事が出来たが、戸籍・
住民票が非公開となれば数億の金を騙し取られて倒産の憂目をみたと思われる程の内容であった。

・調査依頼内容
知人の紹介で設立間もない会社から数千万円単位の商談が持ち込まれた。先方の社長曰く、
「自分は○○家の一族で近く相当の遺産が入るので、決して支払いでご迷惑をかけるような事はしないが、会社を始めたばかりで信用がない。
売り先も確実な目途があるから、何とか商品を納入して欲しい・・」とのこと。
間違いない人のように思うが本当に○○家の一族なのか調べて欲しい、との依頼。
(調査結果)
○○家の一族に同姓同名の人はいるが、その人はサラリーマンで商売などはしていない。但し、地元を離れて長く、
親族でも詳しくは知らない状況にあることから名前を使われることになったようである。
装い詐欺であったが、事前調査で未然に被害を防止することができた。

・調査依頼内容
母親が娘の事を心配しての相談。
娘は○○師で現在独立を考えている。ところが娘に独立開業を進めている自称、○○の経営コンサルタントという人がどうもおかしいので、
娘に何度も注意し説得しているが娘は信じ込んでおり、私が何を言ってもダメ。
実は、このコンサルタントにあることから娘に内緒で数百万円貸したが、返済の意思を示すだけで実際は約束の十分の一も返してくれない・・・。

(調査結果)
娘を客観的に説得できる内容の調査結果がでた為、調査結果に基づき母親と一緒に娘を説得し、未然に詐欺的被害を防止することができた。

取材による結果もあるが、娘が騙されていると確信するに至ったのは、住民票や戸籍事項からハッキリと証明できる虚偽が数々あったため。

※ 商取引に関しては、住民票及び戸籍の入手により詐欺被害を未然に防止できた調査事例は枚挙に暇が無いくらいある。

婚姻関係
・調査依頼内容
息子が結婚を前提に付き合っている女性が居るが、気の小さい息子は相手の言いなりの様で、借金までして相手に貢いでいる。
息子の話によると「お互いに結婚の意志は確認しあっている」とのこと。ところが、息子に彼女を一度連れてくるように言っているが、
彼女は何かと理由をつけて会おうとしない様子・・。住所も○○町としか知らず番地までは判らない。
「親の感ですが、何となく息子が騙されているような気がしてならないので、事前に彼女のことが知りたい、」との依頼。
(調査結果)
尾行調査で居所をつきとめ、住民票を確認することにより、彼女は既婚者で子供も2人居ることが判明した。詳細は省略するが、
過去にも同様の手口で男に金を貢がせていた人で、結婚詐欺師に近い女性であることが判明した。

・調査依頼内容
娘が結婚を前提に付き合っている男性がいるが、娘より10歳も年上でしかも経歴がハッキリしない。娘は、
「優しく良い人で決して嘘をいうような人ではない」とすっかり信用しているが、親の目から見るとどうも心配な点があるので調べて欲しい、
との依頼。
(調査結果)
男性は住民票を置いている住所地には実際には住んでいなく、別の所で女性と同棲生活(男がころがりこんだ形)をしている事が判明。尚、
戸籍によると被調査人は離婚歴が2回あり、子供も4人居ることが判明。何れも子供は別れた妻が引き取っているが、
男性には養育費の支払い義務があり、現状からすると結婚などとても考えられるような状況になく、
依頼者の娘は完全に騙されていることが判明した。
※ こうした調査依頼及び同様の調査結果はごく普通にあり、決して珍しいケースではない。

・調査依頼内容
事業を子供に譲った父親(70歳)が、介護関係の仕事をしている40代の女性に3千万円以上もつぎ込んでいて再婚したいと言い出した。

ところが不審に思えることが多々あるので、事前に調べて欲しいとの依頼。
(調査結果)
彼女は独身を装い安アパートを借りていたが、実際は別に戸建て住宅を持ち、そこに夫と子供2人が居ることが判明した。尚、
夫は無職で外車を乗り回し、毎日パチンコ三昧の生活をしていることが判明。
※ 結果が出た為それ以上の調査はしなかったが、この女性は過去にも同様の手口で老人に金を貢がせていたものと容易に推察される。

このケースは彼女を雇用している会社にも使用者責任が生じると思われるが、住民票や戸籍の入手なくしては容易に見抜けないものと思われる。

夫婦関係
・調査依頼内容
夫が妻の素行調査を依頼。
原因は、突然妻が離婚して欲しいと言い出した。理由を聞くと、あれが悪いこれが嫌と並べたてるがどうも腑に落ちない。
男が居るのではと問い詰めても「決してそんな事はない」の一点張りとのこと。
(調査結果)
尾行調査により男がいることが判明。相手の男性を調べた結果、名古屋在住で妻と3人の子供が居る男であることが判明した。
後々で判った事であるが、「妻と男性はインターネットで知り合い、メル友が嵩じて男女関係にまで発展したが、
男は独身を装い遊び感覚で付き合ったものである。ところが妻は離婚さえできれば男と結婚できるものと思い込み
(口では男性も結婚をにおわせていた様子)、離婚を迫ったもの。
相手の男は単身赴任で大阪にきており、独身で通用する生活状況の中にあった。ところが、
男性の住民票と戸籍を調べることにより上記事実が判明したもの。
詳細は省くが戸籍住民票なしでは男性の素性は分からなかったと思料されるケースであった。
※ 同様のケースで、単身赴任の男性が独身を装い23歳の女性に子供までつくらせたケースがあるが、
女の方は子供まで出来たのだから当然結婚できるものと考えていた。ところが子供が出来たことを知った男性は、
中絶を勧めたが聞き入れてもらえない為、突然雲隠れした。
調査の結果、九州にいる事が判明し、住民票及び戸籍の入手により、妻子の居る男性であることが判明した。男性を問い詰め、
子供を認知させることは出来たが、極めて無責任な話である。

男女関係
・調査依頼内容
某男性と半年程前に知り合い恋仲になった。彼は医師免許を持っているというが一寸ひかかるところがある。大学は大阪大学と聞いている。

本当に大阪大学卒で医師免許を持っているかどうか調べて欲しい。
(調査結果)
調査の結果、姓は正しいが名が一字違い、大阪大学卒でもなければ医師免許も持っていないことが判明。
※こうしたケースは戸籍、住民票に基づかないと調査結果が曖昧になることがある。戸籍、住民票で正確に確認することにより、
騙されていることが発覚し、被害が少なくて済んだ。

・調査依頼内容
結婚を前提に付き合っている彼女がいる。彼女の話では現在28歳で結婚歴はなく、勤めている会社は○○株式会社とのこと。
ところが時々オヤと思うことがある。本人が話していることが本当かどうか知りたい。
(調査結果)
被調査人は31歳で過去2回結婚歴あり、勤め先は話の通りであるが会社の職種は違い、非常に不安定な内容の会社であった。
※ 住民票及び戸籍によって上記事実の裏づけが取れたが、そうでない限りこうした人は嘘をつき通すことが多い。

雇用関係
 採用調査関係では、個人情報保護法施行に伴う弊害のほうが多いが、
年齢詐称、現住所詐称も時々見受けられる。
職歴詐称は求職者の30%強を占めるほどに、極普通に行われている。しかし、今年4月の個人情報保護法施行に伴い、
官公庁や企業の多くが求職者の職歴確認に応じなくなっている。また、学校も同様で卒業確認も出来なくなっている。
結果、履歴は幾ら詐称しても簡単には分からなくなっており、履歴書を如何に誤魔化して書くかが採否の大きな分かれ道になっている。

その為、東京大学や京都大学の卒業者数がここ2?3年で倍増するのではないかと危惧される状況にある。

 

※、「差別につながる怖れがあるから・・」との理由から、人に関するあらゆる調査を規制しようとする動きがあり、
その一環で戸籍・住民票を非公開に、と考えられているようですが、何々につながる怖れということで、本来の目的を度外視した規制は、
恐 怖政治の始まりにつながりかねない。
包丁が殺人に使われたからと言って、包丁の使用を禁止するようなことだけは避けて欲しいものです。

Last week, on May 25, “A Bill for the Proper Operation of the Detective Business” (Detective Business Bill)
The good news is that the House of Representatives has passed the I think that various problems will come out in the operational side, but the legislation was the wish of the industry people, so it is a good thing that it is a good thing.
First of all, we all want to rejoice.

In last week’s blog, I posted a part of the opinion piece I submitted to the Family Registration Law Subcommittee of the Legislative Council on the issue of revision of the Family Registration Law.
What happens when family registers become private in principle?
That’s what I’m going to post.

Examples of recent specific investigations that require confirmation by family register and residence certificate

Real Estate
Details of the survey request
A mortgage has been placed on the land and building of a home in connection with a loan for money consumption. However, the loan has been repaid 7 years ago and the loan relationship has been terminated, but
He neglected to complete the mortgage cancellation process. This time, I was pressed for the necessity to cancel the mortgage by some thing, and tried to contact the mortgagee.
He had already moved from the address listed on the register. Therefore, I asked around the neighbors, but no one knew where they were moving to.
Then, the request to find out the present address of the mortgagee is made.
(Survey results)
Although the mortgagee had already passed away, we were able to determine the current addresses of the wife and three children who were the inheritors of the property.
As a result, the client explained the situation to the inheritance right holder, and was able to erase the mortgage safely.
However, if the family register and residence certificate are not disclosed, it becomes very difficult to find out the address of the inheritance right holder.
In addition, there are many requests for the identification of owners of land and buildings in relation to the sale and purchase of real estate. Moreover.
There are many cases in which the owner of the property has moved from the registered address or has already passed away.
It is feared that real estate transactions will be greatly affected if the residence certificate is kept private in principle.

Details of the survey request
50 million yen was scorched due to the bankruptcy of a business partner. It’s only been six months since the transaction began, and given the back and forth, there’s a suspicion of an intake fraud.
Therefore, they asked us to investigate the asset background of the representative.
(Survey results)
The non-investigator’s current address was a rental apartment in Osaka, and there were no assets to be found, but it was found that he owned a considerable amount of real estate in and near his real estate in Yamanashi.
It could be legally foreclosed.
When a residence certificate and family register become non-public, this kind of investigation becomes close to the impossibility, and at the same time, fraud and the overthrowing of a claim are not possible.
It is feared that it will double in size on the occasion of non-disclosure.

commercial relations
Details of the survey request
We are in the process of forming a joint venture with an American company to import and sell XX products.
He has already established a joint-stock company with a capital of 20 million yen for this purpose, but the identity of the person who is the agent in the story is unclear.
We were able to show the power of what seemed to be a very influential person, and preparations were steadily underway for six months under the direction of the project leader, the vice president.
He is also planning a party at the Imperial Hotel in the next two months. However, it was requested through the main bank because they were curious about it somehow.
(Survey results)
It turns out that the person who is called “The Ancient” is a big-time con man who is called a rare con man. In the past, she has been an entertainer, an international pianist
From university professors to politicians, a considerable number of people have been duped, and he was a con man who has made the press.
Through a wide range of interviews, we have been able to determine the registered address of the residence certificate, and from the residence certificate we have been able to obtain, we have been able to determine a past criminal record at the previous address and place of domicile.
He turned out to be a fraud from the bottom of his heart. As a result, we were able to save a company with an annual turnover of 5 billion yen, but it was not possible to save the family register or the
The contents of the report were such that if the residence certificate was not disclosed, the company would have been cheated out of hundreds of millions of dollars and would have faced bankruptcy.

Details of the survey request
An acquaintance introduced us to a company that had not yet been established and brought in a business deal worth tens of millions of yen. The president of the company said.
I’m a member of the XX family, and I have a substantial inheritance in the near future, so I wouldn’t want to inconvenience you with payments, but I’ve just started my own company and I don’t trust you.
He said, “I’m sure there’s a way to sell the product, so I’d like you to deliver the product somehow.
He asked me to find out if he really is a member of the XX family.
(Survey results)
There is a person with the same name and surname in the ○○ family, but he is an office worker and not in business. However, as long as you are away from the local
It seems that the name was used because of a situation in which even relatives do not know the details.
Although it was a pose fraud, we were able to prevent the damage by conducting a preliminary investigation.

Details of the survey request
The mother is concerned about her daughter.
My daughter is a master and is now thinking about going independent. However, the self-proclaimed management consultant who is promoting my daughter to open her own business is not right.
I have warned and persuaded her many times, but she is convinced and no matter what I tell her, it doesn’t work.
As a matter of fact, I lent several million yen to my daughter without telling her because it is in this consultant, but in fact, it doesn’t return even ten percent of the promise only by showing the intention of repayment.

(Survey results)
Since the results of the investigation were able to persuade the daughter objectively, we were able to persuade the daughter with the mother based on the results of the investigation and prevent the fraudulent damage before it happened.

There were some results from the interview, but the reason why I was convinced that my daughter had been deceived was because there were a number of falsehoods that could be clearly proven from her residence certificate and family register.

As far as business transactions are concerned, there are countless investigative cases in which fraudulent damage could be prevented by obtaining a certificate of residence or family register.

marital status
Details of the survey request
There is a woman whose son is going out with her on the premise that he will marry her, but her small-minded son seems to do as he is told, and he even goes into debt to pay for her.
According to his son, “We have confirmed our intentions to marry each other”. However, I’ve been telling my son to bring her in once.
She doesn’t seem to want to see him for any reason… I don’t even know the address.
He asked, “As a parent, I can’t help but feel that my son is being cheated on, so I want to know about her in advance.
(Survey results)
A follow-up investigation led to her whereabouts and confirmation of her residence certificate revealed that she was married and had two children. I’ll spare you the details.
It turned out to be a woman who was close to a marriage fraudster, who had used similar methods in the past to make men pay tribute to her.

Details of the survey request
There is a man my daughter is dating on the assumption that she will marry him, but he is 10 years older than her and his background is not clear. She is.
I trust him completely, “He’s a nice guy, a good guy, never a liar,” but from my parents’ point of view, there’s something that worries me, so I want you to look into it.
A request from the
(Survey results)
It turns out that the man doesn’t actually live at the address where he keeps his residency record, but is living with a woman elsewhere (a form in which the man has rolled over). in addition
According to the family register, the respondent was found to have been divorced twice and to have four children. Both children have been taken by ex-wives, though.
The man is obligated to pay child support, and given the current situation, there is no way that he can even think of getting married.
It turns out that the client’s daughter has been completely duped.
Such requests and similar findings are quite common and not at all unusual.

Details of the survey request
A 70-year-old father, who passed his business to his children, says he has spent over 30 million yen on a woman in her 40s who works in the nursing care business and wants to remarry.

However, there are many things that seem suspicious, so he asked me to investigate in advance.
(Survey results)
She pretended to be single and was renting a cheap apartment, but it turned out that she actually had a separate detached house where she had a husband and two children. in addition
It turns out that her husband is unemployed, drives a foreign car around, and lives a life of slingshot every day.
We didn’t do any further research because of the results, but it’s easy to assume that this woman has been paying tribute to the old man in the same way in the past.

In this case, the company employing her would also be liable to the employer, but it would not be easy to find out without obtaining a certificate of residence or family register.

marital relations
Details of the survey request
The husband asked for a background check on his wife.
The cause is that his wife suddenly wants a divorce. When I ask them why, they say that it’s bad, and that it’s bad, but it doesn’t make sense.
When I asked her if there was a man in the house, she replied, “No, that’s not true.
(Survey results)
A follow-up investigation reveals that there is a man. As a result of investigating the man, it was found that he was a man living in Nagoya with a wife and three children.
I later found out, “My wife and a man met on the Internet, and their relationship developed into an email friend and then a man and woman relationship.
Men used to pretend to be single and go out with each other in a playful way. However, she thought that if she could get a divorce, she could marry a man.
(The man was also quoted as saying that they were getting married), and the divorce was imminent.
The man had come to Osaka for a single assignment and was living in a reasonable situation as a bachelor. However.
The above facts were discovered by examining the man’s residence record and family register.
I won’t go into details, but it was a case in which the identity of the man could not be determined without his family register.
In a similar case, a man working alone had a 23-year-old woman have a child with him under the guise of being single.
The woman even had a child, so she thought that she could marry him of course. But when the man found out he was having a baby.
I offered her an abortion, but she wouldn’t listen to me, so she suddenly went into hiding.
As a result of the investigation, it was found that he was in Kyushu, and from the residence certificate and family register, it was found that he was a man with a wife and children. He confronted the man.
It was extremely irresponsible, although it could have brought recognition to the child.

relations between men and women
Details of the survey request
I met a man about half a year ago and fell in love with him. He is said to have a medical license, but there is a little bit of a problem. I’m told the university is Osaka University.

I want you to find out if he really is a graduate of Osaka University and has a medical license.
(Survey results)
As a result of the investigation, it was found that his surname was correct but his name was one letter wrong and that he did not have a medical license unless he graduated from Osaka University.
In such cases, the results of the investigation may be ambiguous unless they are based on the family register or residence certificate. By confirming the accuracy with the family register and certificate of residence, the
It was discovered that they had been scammed and there was less damage done.

Details of the survey request
He has a girlfriend who he is dating on the basis of marriage. According to her, she is 28 years old and has never been married, and the company she works for is XX Corporation.
However, there are times when I wonder if it’s okay. I want to know if what the person is saying is true or not.
(Survey results)
The respondent was 31 years old, had been married twice in the past, and worked for a very unstable company with a different job description.
Although the above facts have been corroborated by the residence certificate and family register, unless they are not, these people tend to lie.

employment relationship
Although there are more adverse effects of the enforcement of the Act on the Protection of Personal Information in the area of recruitment surveys, the
Age and current address falsification is also sometimes found.
Work history fraud is so common that it accounts for more than 30% of all job seekers. However, with the enforcement of the Personal Information Protection Law in April this year, the
Many government offices and companies are no longer responding to job-seekers’ job-history checks. Also, the schools are no longer able to confirm graduation as well.
As a result, no matter how much you falsify your resume, it’s no longer easy to tell, and how you falsify your resume is the key to success or failure.

As a result, there are fears that the number of graduates from the University of Tokyo and Kyoto University will double in the next couple of years.

There is a movement to regulate all kinds of investigations on people because “there is a fear that it may lead to discrimination…
It seems to be thought that part of this is to keep family registers and residency records private, but the regulation that goes beyond the original purpose in fear of leading to something is not a good idea.
It could lead to the beginning of fear politics.
We should avoid doing anything that would prohibit the use of kitchen knives just because they were used in a murder.

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